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PET bottle production and recycling growth in Japan

pet bottles have been more and more widely used in Japan. For example, the proportion of PET bottled cool drinks in all cool drinks in Japan has increased rapidly year after year, accounting for only 19% in 1991, 32% in 1997, 42% in 1999, 47% in 2000, 51% in 2001, and 53.6% in 2004. In 2004, PET bottles have taken an absolute advantage in the packaging of bottled water such as mineral water, with the proportion as high as 96.3%, and the proportion of PET bottles in functional water as high as 90.4%. Among other beverages, PET bottles accounted for 82.8% in sports drinks, 77.8% in tea drinks, 60% in milk drinks, 53.6% in carbon acid drinks, 40.9% in vegetable drinks and 39.4% in fruit drinks

the amount of PET resin used to make pet bottles also increased rapidly. In 1977, the consumption of PET resin for bottle making in Japan was only a few thousand tons. It exceeded 100000 tons in 1989, 200000 tons in 1996, 300000 tons in 1998, 400000 tons in 2000, 470000 tons in 2003 and 550000 tons in 2004. PET resin for bottles is mainly used in food packaging, such as 2.51 ~ 3.00 Japanese food in 2000. PET bottle resin was 378000 tons, accounting for 94.2% of the 401000 tons of PET resin used in the year. In 2004, 530000 tons of PET bottle resin were used in food packaging, accounting for 96.4% of the total 550000 tons. PET bottles for non food use are very few, accounting for less than 4% in 2004. Among PET bottles used for food, the application proportion of cool beverage is the largest. In 2004, the PET bottle resin used for cool beverage in Japan was 490000 tons, accounting for 92.5% of the total amount of PET bottle safety belt impact testing machine for food. In 2004, PET bottle resin for condiment was 13300 tons, liquor 12400 tons, soy sauce 11200 tons and edible oil 2900 tons. Non food P actively changed its business model. Among et bottle resins, 9030 tons of cosmetics, 6970 tons of pharmaceuticals and 3610 tons of sanitary products

Japan has achieved remarkable results in the recycling and reuse of PET bottles, ranking first in the world. The recycling volume of PET bottles in Japanese cities, towns and villages has soared from 530 tons in 1993 to 21000 tons in 1997, 76000 tons in 1999, 125000 tons in 2000, 161000 tons in 2001 and 212000 tons in 2003. During the same period, the recovery rate also increased rapidly from only 0.4% in 1993 to 1.8% in 1995, 9.8% in 1997, 22.8% in 1999, 34.5% in 2000, 40.1% in 2001 and 48.5% in 2003. After adding the recycling volume of enterprises and institutions, the recycling volume of PET bottles in Japan is even larger. In 2001 and 2002, it was 177000 tons and 220000 tons respectively, accounting for 44% and 53.4% of the "designated products" PET bottles respectively. In 2003, the recovery increased to 266000 tons, and the recovery rate exceeded 60% for the first time, reaching 61%

the amount of recycled PET bottle resin is also increasing year by year. According to the statistics of recycling enterprises designated by the Japan PET Bottle Recycling Association, the amount of recycled PET bottle commercialization increased from 8400 tons in 1997 to 24000 tons in 1998, 40000 tons in 1999, 69000 tons in 2000, 95000 tons in 2001, 112000 tons in 2002 and 124000 tons in 2003. In the past, most recycled PET bottle resins were used to make fibers and flakes, and relatively few were used to make packaging bottles. For example, among 112400 tons of PET bottle resin reused in Japan in 2002, 57400 tons were made into fiber, accounting for 46.2%, and 50000 tons were made into thin sheets, accounting for 40.2%

the number of newly made packaging bottles was 760 tons in 1997, but decreased to 210 tons and 180 tons in 1998 and 1999, increased to 380 tons in 2001, 610 tons in 2002, and soared to 11300 tons in 2003, 20 times that of the previous year. The proportion in re commercialization increased from 0.4% in 2001 and 0.5% in 2002 to 9.1% in 2003. In recent years, the processing capacity of the chemical decomposition method used to reuse recycled waste PET bottles to produce PET bottles in Japan has increased significantly, from 30000 tons in 2002 to 62000 tons in 2003 and 90000 tons in 2004

compared with other countries in the world, the recycling rate of PET bottles in Japan is relatively high. Taking the United States as an example, its PET bottle resin consumption ranks first in the world. In the mid-1990s, the amount of resin used in PET bottles in the United States reached 1million tons, which increased to 1.16 million tons in 1997, 1.47 million tons in 1999, 1.71 million tons in 2001 and 1.95 million tons in 2003. In recent years, the recovery amount has been more than 300000 tons, 313000 tons in 1997, 350000 tons in 1999, 378000 tons in 2001 and 382000 tons in 2003. The recovery rate was the highest in 1997, reaching 27.1%, and then decreased year by year, reaching 22.1% in 2001, 19.9% and 19.6% below 20% in 2002 and 2003. The amount of PET bottle resin used in Europe in 2003 was 2.04 million tons, nearly double the 1.07 million tons in 1997. The recovery increased from 116000 tons in 1997 to 612000 tons in 2003, and the recovery rate increased from 10.8% in 1997 to 30% in 2003. Some countries in Europe also have high PET bottle recovery rates, such as Switzerland and Austria, which are 62.1% (higher than Japan), Belgium, Italy and France, which are 27.2%, 23.5% and 21.8%. In terms of recovery rate, both the United States and Europe (average) are much lower than Japan

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